This study reports the design, synthesis and evaluation of a series of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors containing purine/purine isoster as a capping group and an N-(2-aminophenyl)-benzamide unit. In vitro cytotoxicity studies reveal that benzamide 14 suppressed the growth of triple-negative breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231 (IC50 = 1.48 μM), MDA-MB-468 (IC50 = 0.65 μM), and liver cancer cells HepG2 (IC50 = 2.44 μM), better than MS-275 (5) and Chidamide (6). Compared to the well-known HDAC inhibitor SAHA, 14 showed a higher toxicity (IC50 = 0.33 μM) in three leukemic cell lines, K-562, KG-1 and THP-1. Moreover, 14 was found to be equally virulent in the HDAC-sensitive and -resistant gastric cell lines, YCC11 and YCC3/7, respectively, indicating the potential of 14 to overcome HDACi resistance. Furthermore, substantial inhibitory effects more pronounced than MS-275 (5) and Chidamide (6) were displayed by 14 towards HDAC1, 2 and 3 isoforms with IC50 values of 0.108, 0.585 and 0.563 μM respectively. Compound 14 also exhibited a potent antitumor efficacy in human MDA-MB-231 breast cancer xenograft mouse model, providing a potential lead for the development of anticancer agents.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry
Nepali, K., Chang, T. Y., Lai, M. J., Hsu, K. C., Yen, Y., Lin, T. E., Lee, S. B., & Liou, J. P. (2020). Purine/purine isoster based scaffolds as new derivatives of benzamide class of HDAC inhibitors. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 196, . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2020.112291