The growth hormone (GH) was isolated and purified from common carp (Cyprinus carpio) pituitary glands by salt precipitation and HPLC on reverse-phase C18 columns. The carp GH cDNA was synthesized and cloned in Escherichia coli using EcoRI linkers and pBR322 as vector. The positive clones were selected and sequenced. The full-length carp GH cDNA contains 1187 nucleotide basepairs with an open reading frame coding for the precursor form carp GH of 210 amino-acid residues. The partial amino-acid sequence from the protein completely agrees with that derived from the cDNA, with serine as the first residue in mature carp GH preceded by a 22-residue hydrophobic signal peptide. Comparison of the amino-acid sequence of carp GH with those of various species reveals positional identity at 32.4%, 38.8%, 42.0%, 37.2%, 66%, 55% and 49% with GHs of man, rat, duck, bullfrog, salmon, tuna and yellow tail, respectively.
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