摘要

Evidence of associations between psychopathology and obesity in childhood remains inconsistent, and most studies have been conducted in Western countries. This study investigated psychological and physiological correlates of obesity in a community sample of children in Taiwan. In total, 302 children (157 overweight/obese and 145 healthy-weight children) were selected from first- and fourth-grade schoolchildren in eight elementary schools in 2009. These children participated in a comprehensive health examination, including a physical examination, blood sample analysis, and questionnaire administration. We found that regarding physiological characteristics, compared with the healthy-weight children, the overweight/obese children had significantly higher values for body fat estimated using the bioelectrical impedance method (p <0.001), systolic blood pressure (p <0.001), and diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.001); lower values for high-density lipoprotein (p <0.001); and worse values for glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (p <0.001), triglycerides (p <0.001), and fasting blood glucose (p = 0.049). In logistic models adjusted for parental and child traits and physiological characteristics, children's overweight/obesity was significantly associated with lower self-concept (odds ratio [OR] = 0.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.93-0.99) and less disruptive behavior (OR = 0.96, 95% CI = 0.92-0.99). Less disruptive behavior and the lack of a higher prevalence of anxiety and depression in childhood obesity appear to be a unique pattern in Taiwan that warrants further investigation.

原文英語
文章編號17439
期刊Scientific Reports
5
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十一月 27 2015

指紋

Pediatric Obesity
Taiwan
Psychology
Blood Pressure
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Weights and Measures
HDL Lipoproteins
Alanine Transaminase
Psychopathology
Electric Impedance
Self Concept
Physical Examination
Blood Glucose
Adipose Tissue
Fasting
Triglycerides
Anxiety
Obesity
Logistic Models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

引用此文

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title = "Psychological and physiological correlates of childhood obesity in Taiwan",
abstract = "Evidence of associations between psychopathology and obesity in childhood remains inconsistent, and most studies have been conducted in Western countries. This study investigated psychological and physiological correlates of obesity in a community sample of children in Taiwan. In total, 302 children (157 overweight/obese and 145 healthy-weight children) were selected from first- and fourth-grade schoolchildren in eight elementary schools in 2009. These children participated in a comprehensive health examination, including a physical examination, blood sample analysis, and questionnaire administration. We found that regarding physiological characteristics, compared with the healthy-weight children, the overweight/obese children had significantly higher values for body fat estimated using the bioelectrical impedance method (p <0.001), systolic blood pressure (p <0.001), and diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.001); lower values for high-density lipoprotein (p <0.001); and worse values for glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (p <0.001), triglycerides (p <0.001), and fasting blood glucose (p = 0.049). In logistic models adjusted for parental and child traits and physiological characteristics, children's overweight/obesity was significantly associated with lower self-concept (odds ratio [OR] = 0.96, 95{\%} confidence interval [CI] = 0.93-0.99) and less disruptive behavior (OR = 0.96, 95{\%} CI = 0.92-0.99). Less disruptive behavior and the lack of a higher prevalence of anxiety and depression in childhood obesity appear to be a unique pattern in Taiwan that warrants further investigation.",
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