Progressive axonal dysfunction precedes development of neuropathy in type 2 diabetes

Jia Ying Sung, Susanna B. Park, Ya Ting Liu, Natalie Kwai, Ria Arnold, Arun V. Krishnan, Cindy S.Y. Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

38 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

To evaluate the development of diabetic neuropathy, the current study examined changes in peripheral axonal function. Nerve excitability techniques were undertaken in 108 type 2 diabetic patients with nerve conduction studies (NCS), HbA1c levels, and total neuropathy score (TNS). Patients were categorized into two cohorts: patients with diabetes without neuropathy (DWN group [n = 56]) and patients with diabetes with neuropathy (DN group [n = 52]) and further into severity grade 0 (TNS 0-1 [n = 35]), grade 1 (TNS 2-8 [n = 42]), and grade 2/3 (TNS 9-24 [n = 31]). Results revealed that the DWN group had a significantly increased threshold, prolonged latency, and changes in excitability parameters compared with age-matched control subjects. Patients with neuropathy demonstrated significant alteration in recovery cycle parameters and depolarizing threshold electrotonus. Within the DWN cohort, there were significant correlations between HbA 1clevel and latency and subexcitability, whereas the estimated glomerular filtration rate correlated with superexcitability in patients with neuropathy. Furthermore, excitability parameters became progressively more abnormal with increasing clinical severity. These results suggest a spectrum of excitability abnormalities in patients with diabetes and that early axonal dysfunction may be detected prior to the development of neuropathy. As progressive changes in excitability parameters correlated to neuropathy severity, excitability testing may provide a biomarker of the early development and severity of diabetic neuropathy, providing insights into the pathophysiological mechanisms producing axonal dysfunction.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)1592-1598
頁數7
期刊Diabetes
61
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 六月 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 內科學
  • 內分泌學、糖尿病和代謝

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