Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most malignant subtype of breast cancer as it shows a high capacity for metastasis and poor prognoses. Metabolic reprogramming is one of the hallmarks of cancer, and aberrant glycolysis was reported to be upregulated in TNBC. Thus, identifying metabolic biomarkers for diagnoses and investigating cross-talk between glycolysis and invasiveness could potentially enable the development of therapeutics for patients with TNBC. In order to determine novel and reliable metabolic biomarkers for predicting clinical outcomes of TNBC, we analyzed transcriptome levels of glycolysis-related genes in various subtypes of breast cancer from public databases and identified a distinct glycolysis gene signature, which included ENO1, SLC2A6, LDHA, PFKP, PGAM1, and GPI, that was elevated and associated with poorer prognoses of TNBC patients. Notably, we found a transcription factor named Y-box-binding protein 1 (YBX1) to be strongly associated with this glycolysis gene signature, and it was overexpressed in TNBC. A mechanistic study further validated that YBX1 was upregulated in TNBC cell lines, and knockdown of YBX1 suppressed expression of those glycolytic genes. Moreover, YBX1 expression was positively associated with epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) genes in breast cancer patients, and suppression of YBX1 downregulated expressions of EMT-related genes and tumor migration and invasion in MDA-MB-231 and BT549 TNBC cells. Our data revealed an YBX1-glycolysis-EMT network as an attractive diagnostic marker and metabolic target in TNBC patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 醫藥 (全部)