Procalcitonin as a marker of bacterial infection in the emergency department: an observational study.

Yi Ling Chan, Ching Ping Tseng, Pei Kuei Tsay, Shy Shin Chang, Te Fa Chiu, Jih Chang Chen

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

120 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

INTRODUCTION: Procalcitonin (PCT) has been proposed as a marker of infection in critically ill patients; its level is related to the severity of infection. We evaluated the value of PCT as a marker of bacterial infection for emergency department patients. METHODS: This prospective observational study consecutively enrolled 120 adult atraumatic patients admitted through the emergency department of a 3000-bed tertiary university hospital in May 2001. Fifty-eight patients were infected and 49 patients were not infected. The white blood cell counts, the serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level (mg/l), and the PCT level (ng/ml) were compared between the infected and noninfected groups of patients. RESULTS: A white blood cell count >12,000/mm3 or <4000/mm3 was present in 36.2% of the infected patients and in 18.4% of the noninfected patients. The best cut-off serum levels for PCT and CRP, identified using the Youden's Index, were 0.6 ng/ml and 60 mg/l, respectively. Compared with CRP, PCT had a comparable sensitivity (69.5% versus 67.2%), a lower specificity (64.6% versus 93.9%), and a lower area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (0.689 versus 0.879). PCT levels, but not CRP levels, were significantly higher in bacteremic and septic shock patients. Multivariate logistic regression identified that a PCT level >/= 2.6 ng/ml was independently associated with the development of septic shock (odds ratio, 38.3; 95% confidence interval, 5.6-263.5; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: PCT is not a better marker of bacterial infection than CRP for adult emergency department patients, but it is a useful marker of the severity of infection.

原文英語
期刊Critical care (London, England)
8
發行號1
出版狀態已發佈 - 1月 1 2004
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 重症監護和重症監護醫學

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