Prevalence and risk factors for intestinal parasitic infection in schoolchildren in Battambang, Cambodia

Chien Wei Liao, Kuan Chih Chiu, I. Chen Chiang, Po Ching Cheng, Ting Wu Chuang, Juo Han Kuo, Yun Hung Tu, Chia Kwung Fan

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

3 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Most intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs), commonly endemic in tropical resource-poor developing countries, are neglected tropical diseases. Parasitic infections and malnutrition are most commonly found in children. We determined the prevalence of IPIs and the risk factors in Battambang Province, northwestern Cambodia, from August to September 2015. This study collected 308 valid questionnaires and specimens from Dontri (173, 56.2%) and Kon Kaêk (135, 43.8%) primary schools. All stool samples were examined using Chang's Feces Examination Apparatus through the merthiolate-iodine-formaldehyde technique. Headache (259, 84.1%), recurrent cough (249, 80.8%), and abdominal pain (235, 76.3%) were the most common symptoms as detected from questionnaire investigation. A total of 155 students were positive for any parasite type; a single parasite type was observed in 97 students (31.5%), two types in 40 students (13.0%), three types in 14 students (4.6%), and four types in four students (1.3%). Nine gastrointestinal parasite species (three helminths and six protozoa) were identified in the stool samples. The most common parasites in schoolchildren were Giardia intestinalis (31.5%) and Entamoeba histolytica/dispar (17.5%). This is the first IPIs study, and more than half of the schoolchildren were infected with parasite species in Moung Russey District of Battambang Province. We found nine parasite species, including helminths and protozoa, and pathogenic protozoa were the main source of IPIs. Improving the detection method, sanitation facilities, and personal hygiene as well as utilizing combined drugs are all important measures to greatly reduce IPIs in Cambodian schoolchildren.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)583-588
頁數6
期刊American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
96
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2017

指紋

Cambodia
Parasitic Diseases
Parasites
Students
Helminths
Thimerosal
Neglected Diseases
Giardia lamblia
Entamoeba histolytica
Sanitation
Hygiene
Cough
Feces
Malnutrition
Iodine
Abdominal Pain
Formaldehyde
Developing Countries
Headache
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

引用此文

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title = "Prevalence and risk factors for intestinal parasitic infection in schoolchildren in Battambang, Cambodia",
abstract = "Most intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs), commonly endemic in tropical resource-poor developing countries, are neglected tropical diseases. Parasitic infections and malnutrition are most commonly found in children. We determined the prevalence of IPIs and the risk factors in Battambang Province, northwestern Cambodia, from August to September 2015. This study collected 308 valid questionnaires and specimens from Dontri (173, 56.2{\%}) and Kon Ka{\^e}k (135, 43.8{\%}) primary schools. All stool samples were examined using Chang's Feces Examination Apparatus through the merthiolate-iodine-formaldehyde technique. Headache (259, 84.1{\%}), recurrent cough (249, 80.8{\%}), and abdominal pain (235, 76.3{\%}) were the most common symptoms as detected from questionnaire investigation. A total of 155 students were positive for any parasite type; a single parasite type was observed in 97 students (31.5{\%}), two types in 40 students (13.0{\%}), three types in 14 students (4.6{\%}), and four types in four students (1.3{\%}). Nine gastrointestinal parasite species (three helminths and six protozoa) were identified in the stool samples. The most common parasites in schoolchildren were Giardia intestinalis (31.5{\%}) and Entamoeba histolytica/dispar (17.5{\%}). This is the first IPIs study, and more than half of the schoolchildren were infected with parasite species in Moung Russey District of Battambang Province. We found nine parasite species, including helminths and protozoa, and pathogenic protozoa were the main source of IPIs. Improving the detection method, sanitation facilities, and personal hygiene as well as utilizing combined drugs are all important measures to greatly reduce IPIs in Cambodian schoolchildren.",
author = "Liao, {Chien Wei} and Chiu, {Kuan Chih} and Chiang, {I. Chen} and Cheng, {Po Ching} and Chuang, {Ting Wu} and Kuo, {Juo Han} and Tu, {Yun Hung} and Fan, {Chia Kwung}",
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T1 - Prevalence and risk factors for intestinal parasitic infection in schoolchildren in Battambang, Cambodia

AU - Liao, Chien Wei

AU - Chiu, Kuan Chih

AU - Chiang, I. Chen

AU - Cheng, Po Ching

AU - Chuang, Ting Wu

AU - Kuo, Juo Han

AU - Tu, Yun Hung

AU - Fan, Chia Kwung

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N2 - Most intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs), commonly endemic in tropical resource-poor developing countries, are neglected tropical diseases. Parasitic infections and malnutrition are most commonly found in children. We determined the prevalence of IPIs and the risk factors in Battambang Province, northwestern Cambodia, from August to September 2015. This study collected 308 valid questionnaires and specimens from Dontri (173, 56.2%) and Kon Kaêk (135, 43.8%) primary schools. All stool samples were examined using Chang's Feces Examination Apparatus through the merthiolate-iodine-formaldehyde technique. Headache (259, 84.1%), recurrent cough (249, 80.8%), and abdominal pain (235, 76.3%) were the most common symptoms as detected from questionnaire investigation. A total of 155 students were positive for any parasite type; a single parasite type was observed in 97 students (31.5%), two types in 40 students (13.0%), three types in 14 students (4.6%), and four types in four students (1.3%). Nine gastrointestinal parasite species (three helminths and six protozoa) were identified in the stool samples. The most common parasites in schoolchildren were Giardia intestinalis (31.5%) and Entamoeba histolytica/dispar (17.5%). This is the first IPIs study, and more than half of the schoolchildren were infected with parasite species in Moung Russey District of Battambang Province. We found nine parasite species, including helminths and protozoa, and pathogenic protozoa were the main source of IPIs. Improving the detection method, sanitation facilities, and personal hygiene as well as utilizing combined drugs are all important measures to greatly reduce IPIs in Cambodian schoolchildren.

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