Preoperative F-18 fluorocholine PET/CT for the detection of hyperfunctioning parathyroid glands in patients with secondary or tertiary hyperparathyroidism: comparison with Tc-99m sestamibi scan and neck ultrasound

Yu Hung Chen, Hwa Tsung Chen, Ming Che Lee, Shu Hsin Liu, Ling Yi Wang, Kun Han Lue, Sheng Chieh Chan

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Objectives: Currently, neck ultrasound is the preferred preoperative imaging in patients with secondary/tertiary hyperparathyroidism, and the use of Tc-99m sestamibi scan is limited in these patients. We conducted this study to compare the diagnostic utilities of F-18 fluorocholine PET/CT, Tc-99m sestamibi scintigraphy, and neck ultrasound for localizing hyperfunctioning parathyroid glands in secondary/tertiary hyperparathyroidism. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 30 dialysis patients with a diagnosis of secondary/tertiary hyperparathyroidism; of these, 27 participants underwent all three imaging modalities, including dual-phase F-18 fluorocholine PET/CT (PET acquired 5 and 60 min after tracer injection), dual-phase Tc-99 m sestamibi SPECT/CT, and neck ultrasound. All patients underwent parathyroidectomy after imaging. We compared the lesion-based sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the three image tools using histopathology as the reference. Results: A total of 27 patients (107 lesions) underwent all three imaging modalities and entered the final analysis. The lesion-based sensitivities of F-18 fluorocholine PET/CT, Tc-99m sestamibi, and ultrasound were 86%, 55%, and 62%, respectively (both p < 0.001, when comparing F-18 fluorocholine PET/CT to Tc-99 m sestamibi scan and to ultrasound). F-18 fluorocholine PET/CT, Tc-99m sestamibi, and ultrasound had similar specificities of 93%, 80%, and 87%, respectively. The accuracy of F-18 fluorocholine PET/CT (87%) was significantly higher than that of Tc-99m sestamibi (59%) and ultrasound (65%) (both p < 0.001). F-18 fluorocholine PET/CT identified more hyperplastic glands than ultrasound in 52% (14/27) patients. The sensitivity of F-18 fluorocholine PET/CT reached 95% for hyperplastic parathyroid masses as low as 200 mg. Conclusions: F-18 fluorocholine PET/CT shows superior accuracy over the conventional imaging modalities in patients with secondary or tertiary hyperparathyroidism. The combination of F-18 fluorocholine PET/CT and neck ultrasound may enable better surgical planning in these patients. Registration identification number: NCT04316845.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)527-537
頁數11
期刊Annals of Nuclear Medicine
34
發行號8
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 8月 1 2020
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 放射學、核子醫學和影像學

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