Introduction: Although surgery has been proven to improve the long-term survival of older adults with hip fracture, in-hospital mortality directly resulting from repair of hip fracture is undesirable. This study aimed to identify potential prognostic factors that predict in-hospital mortality risk in elderly patients following hip fracture surgery. Materials and Methods: This case–control study comprehensively collected data from older adults with hip fracture admitted to a single medical centre. Age was selected as the cross-matching factor. Univariate and binary multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals. A receiver operating characteristic curve was constructed to quantify the discrimination power of the model. Results: Among a total of 841 older adults who received hip fracture surgery, 17 died during hospitalisation, yielding a 2.0% in-hospital mortality rate. Using a binary multivariate logistic regression model to perform a comparison with 51 age-matched patients in survival groups, the model revealed that estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and malignant cancer history were the only 2 factors significantly correlated with in-hospital mortality. The prognostic values for the eGFR and malignant cancer history were acceptable, with areas under the curve of.76 and.67, respectively. Conclusion: The prevalence of in-hospital mortality following hip fracture is low. After adjustment for age, eGFR and malignant cancer history were identified as factors significantly correlated with in-hospital mortality. The findings of this study could assist in the early screening and detection of patients with high in-hospital mortality risks.
ASJC Scopus subject areas