Camptothecin showed remarkable anticancer activity in animal models of cancer but was restricted in clinical use for its adverse toxicity in patients. The preclinical efficacy of CRLX101, a nanoparticle (NP) assembly containing cyclodextrin-based polymer and camptothecin was evaluated by in vitro cytotoxicity in gastric cancer cell lines and in vivo antitumor effects in human gastric cancer cell line BGC823 xenografts. Treated tumor sections were analyzed for presence of NPs and compared with vehicle control tumors for hypoxia and angiogenesis. Gastric cancer cell lines showed high in vitro cytotoxicity for CRLX101 and also showed strong antitumor activity in vivo. Electron micrographs revealed the intracellular presence of NPs in close proximity to vesicles. A significant decrease in expressions of carbonic anhydrase, VEGF, and CD31 proteins in treated tumors indicated an inhibition of hypoxia and angiogenesis. The results provide preclinical data for gastric adenocarcinoma. From the Clinical Editor: This study describes a nanoparticle assembly containing cyclodextrin-based polymer and camptothecin, resulting in increased bioavailability of camptothecin, an effective but toxic anti-cancer agent. The antitumor effects and safety profile were demonstrated in a gastric carcinoma cell line.
|頁（從 - 到）||721-730|
|期刊||Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 七月 1 2012|
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