Postoperative adjuvant dose-dense chemotherapy with bevacizumab and maintenance bevacizumab after neoadjuvant chemotherapy for advanced ovarian cancer: A phase II AGOG/TGOG trial

Hung Hsueh Chou, Wei Chun Chen, Lan Yan Yang, Huei Jean Huang, Wei Yang Chang, Hao Lin, Ren Chin Wu, Min Yu Chen, J. Timothy Qiu, Kuan Gen Huang, Angel Chao, Ting Chang Chang, Chyong Huey Lai

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of adding bevacizumab to dose-dense adjuvant chemotherapy with bevacizumab maintenance after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and interval debulking surgery (IDS) for stage III/IV ovarian, tubal, and primary peritoneal cancer. Study design: This phase II clinical trial using Simon's minimax two-stage design was conducted. At the first stage, 13 subjects were enrolled, and the trial would proceed to second stage if ≤3 subjects discontinued treatment for study-defined significant adverse events (AEs). Patients with stage III/IV ovarian, tubal, and primary peritoneal cancer deemed not feasible for primary cytoreductive surgery were enrolled after 3–4 cycles of NAC and IDS without disease progression. NAC could be either weekly paclitaxel (80 mg/m2) (dose-dense) plus 3-weekly carboplatin (AUC5−6) or 3-weekly conventional schedule. After IDS, postoperative dose-dense adjuvant chemotherapy for 3 cycles at least (best to 6 cycles), and 3-weekly bevacizumab 15 mg/kg was given since postoperative cycle 2. Further 3-weekly maintenance bevacizumab 15 mg/kg was given intravenously for 17 cycles. Results: Of the 22 enrolled subjects, 13 (59.1 %) had no gross lesion after IDS. Of the 13 subjects enrolled on the 1 st stage, one study-defined significant AE occurred, therefore the trial proceeded to the 2nd stage (n = 9). The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 22.1 months (95 % confidence interval [CI], 13.7–30.5), and the median overall survival (OS) was 49.2 months (95 % CI, 33.8–64.6). Peritoneal Cancer Index score at entering abdomen during IDS was significant for PFS (>12 vs ≤ 12: p = 0.003). One of the 22 subjects did not receive any study treatment. In the safety analysis (n = 21), grade 3/4 AEs included thrombocytopenia of 38.1 %, neutropenia 71.4 %, and anemia 28.6 %. Study-defined significant AEs of bowel perforation, poor-healing wound, and hypertension were found in 1 case each, respectively. Conclusion: This phase II trial demonstrated adding bevacizumab to dose-dense adjuvant chemotherapy with bevacizumab maintenance after NAC was feasible with tolerable toxicity and comparable PFS/OS as compared to other studies using bevacizumab in the NAC phase or dose-dense scheduling throughout.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)13-20
頁數8
期刊European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
262
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 七月 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生殖醫學
  • 婦產科

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