Population-based case-control study of the effect of sun glare on pedestrian fatalities in Taiwan

Hon Ping Ma, Ping Ling Chen, Shang Ku Chen, Liang Hao Chen, Vaclav Linkov, Chih Wei Pai

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

摘要

Objectives Sun glare is a serious driving hazard and increases crash risks. Relatively few studies have examined the effects of sun glare on pedestrian fatalities, given that a crash has occurred. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the effect of sun glare on pedestrian fatalities. Design A population-based case-control study. Setting Taiwan. Participants Using the Taiwan National Traffic Crash Data and sunrise and sunset data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for the period 2003 to 2016, 100 411 pedestrians involved in crashes were identified. Of these crashes, 13 355 and 87 056 were glare-related (case) and non-glare-related (control) crashes, respectively. Methods To account for unobserved heterogeneity, mixed logit models were estimated to identify the determinants of pedestrian fatalities. Main outcome measures Pedestrian fatalities. Results Pedestrians involved in glare-related crashes were more likely to be fatally injured than those in non-glare-related crashes (β=0.527; t=3.21). Other contributory factors to fatal injuries among pedestrians were older pedestrians (β=0.553; t=2.33), male drivers (β=0.324; t=2.33), older drivers (β=0.218; t=2.14), intoxicated motorists (β=0.606; t=2.85), rural roadways (β=0.985; t=3.92), overtaking manoeuvres (β=0.472; t=3.58), heavy vehicle crash partners (β=0.248; t=2.78) and sunset hours (β=0.274; t=3.08). Walking against traffic appeared beneficial for decreasing injury severity (β=-0.304; t=-2.76). Conclusions Sun glare is associated with pedestrian fatalities. Older pedestrians, male drivers, older drivers and intoxicated motorists are prevalent determinants of pedestrian fatalities in glare-related crashes.

原文英語
文章編號e028350
期刊BMJ Open
9
發行號8
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 八月 1 2019

指紋

Glare
Solar System
Taiwan
Case-Control Studies
Population
Pedestrians
Wounds and Injuries
Walking
Logistic Models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

引用此文

Population-based case-control study of the effect of sun glare on pedestrian fatalities in Taiwan. / Ma, Hon Ping; Chen, Ping Ling; Chen, Shang Ku; Chen, Liang Hao; Linkov, Vaclav; Pai, Chih Wei.

於: BMJ Open, 卷 9, 編號 8, e028350, 01.08.2019.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

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abstract = "Objectives Sun glare is a serious driving hazard and increases crash risks. Relatively few studies have examined the effects of sun glare on pedestrian fatalities, given that a crash has occurred. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the effect of sun glare on pedestrian fatalities. Design A population-based case-control study. Setting Taiwan. Participants Using the Taiwan National Traffic Crash Data and sunrise and sunset data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for the period 2003 to 2016, 100 411 pedestrians involved in crashes were identified. Of these crashes, 13 355 and 87 056 were glare-related (case) and non-glare-related (control) crashes, respectively. Methods To account for unobserved heterogeneity, mixed logit models were estimated to identify the determinants of pedestrian fatalities. Main outcome measures Pedestrian fatalities. Results Pedestrians involved in glare-related crashes were more likely to be fatally injured than those in non-glare-related crashes (β=0.527; t=3.21). Other contributory factors to fatal injuries among pedestrians were older pedestrians (β=0.553; t=2.33), male drivers (β=0.324; t=2.33), older drivers (β=0.218; t=2.14), intoxicated motorists (β=0.606; t=2.85), rural roadways (β=0.985; t=3.92), overtaking manoeuvres (β=0.472; t=3.58), heavy vehicle crash partners (β=0.248; t=2.78) and sunset hours (β=0.274; t=3.08). Walking against traffic appeared beneficial for decreasing injury severity (β=-0.304; t=-2.76). Conclusions Sun glare is associated with pedestrian fatalities. Older pedestrians, male drivers, older drivers and intoxicated motorists are prevalent determinants of pedestrian fatalities in glare-related crashes.",
keywords = "Crashes, Injury, Pedestrian fatalities, Sun glare",
author = "Ma, {Hon Ping} and Chen, {Ping Ling} and Chen, {Shang Ku} and Chen, {Liang Hao} and Vaclav Linkov and Pai, {Chih Wei}",
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AU - Linkov, Vaclav

AU - Pai, Chih Wei

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N2 - Objectives Sun glare is a serious driving hazard and increases crash risks. Relatively few studies have examined the effects of sun glare on pedestrian fatalities, given that a crash has occurred. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the effect of sun glare on pedestrian fatalities. Design A population-based case-control study. Setting Taiwan. Participants Using the Taiwan National Traffic Crash Data and sunrise and sunset data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for the period 2003 to 2016, 100 411 pedestrians involved in crashes were identified. Of these crashes, 13 355 and 87 056 were glare-related (case) and non-glare-related (control) crashes, respectively. Methods To account for unobserved heterogeneity, mixed logit models were estimated to identify the determinants of pedestrian fatalities. Main outcome measures Pedestrian fatalities. Results Pedestrians involved in glare-related crashes were more likely to be fatally injured than those in non-glare-related crashes (β=0.527; t=3.21). Other contributory factors to fatal injuries among pedestrians were older pedestrians (β=0.553; t=2.33), male drivers (β=0.324; t=2.33), older drivers (β=0.218; t=2.14), intoxicated motorists (β=0.606; t=2.85), rural roadways (β=0.985; t=3.92), overtaking manoeuvres (β=0.472; t=3.58), heavy vehicle crash partners (β=0.248; t=2.78) and sunset hours (β=0.274; t=3.08). Walking against traffic appeared beneficial for decreasing injury severity (β=-0.304; t=-2.76). Conclusions Sun glare is associated with pedestrian fatalities. Older pedestrians, male drivers, older drivers and intoxicated motorists are prevalent determinants of pedestrian fatalities in glare-related crashes.

AB - Objectives Sun glare is a serious driving hazard and increases crash risks. Relatively few studies have examined the effects of sun glare on pedestrian fatalities, given that a crash has occurred. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the effect of sun glare on pedestrian fatalities. Design A population-based case-control study. Setting Taiwan. Participants Using the Taiwan National Traffic Crash Data and sunrise and sunset data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for the period 2003 to 2016, 100 411 pedestrians involved in crashes were identified. Of these crashes, 13 355 and 87 056 were glare-related (case) and non-glare-related (control) crashes, respectively. Methods To account for unobserved heterogeneity, mixed logit models were estimated to identify the determinants of pedestrian fatalities. Main outcome measures Pedestrian fatalities. Results Pedestrians involved in glare-related crashes were more likely to be fatally injured than those in non-glare-related crashes (β=0.527; t=3.21). Other contributory factors to fatal injuries among pedestrians were older pedestrians (β=0.553; t=2.33), male drivers (β=0.324; t=2.33), older drivers (β=0.218; t=2.14), intoxicated motorists (β=0.606; t=2.85), rural roadways (β=0.985; t=3.92), overtaking manoeuvres (β=0.472; t=3.58), heavy vehicle crash partners (β=0.248; t=2.78) and sunset hours (β=0.274; t=3.08). Walking against traffic appeared beneficial for decreasing injury severity (β=-0.304; t=-2.76). Conclusions Sun glare is associated with pedestrian fatalities. Older pedestrians, male drivers, older drivers and intoxicated motorists are prevalent determinants of pedestrian fatalities in glare-related crashes.

KW - Crashes

KW - Injury

KW - Pedestrian fatalities

KW - Sun glare

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