Purulent pericarditis is an extremely rare complication of invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae infection among children in the antibiotic era, and its mortality remains high if left untreated. This report involves a 41/2-year-old girl who presented to our emergency department with productive cough, shortness of breath, and left-sided chest pain with a diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia. She subsequently developed life-threatening conditions including bilateral empyema withrespiratory failure, purulent pericarditis, and multiple organ failure leading to death. The case highlights that purulent pericarditis is a rare yet possible disorder complicating pneumococcal disease in the antibiotic era. The increase in strains resistant to penicillin should alert emergency physicians to the potential for reemergence of pneumococcal pericarditis in children.
ASJC Scopus subject areas