Background: CRLX101 is an investigational nanoparticle-drug conjugate with a camptothecin payload. Preclinical evidence indicated preferential uptake in tumors, and tumor xenograft models demonstrate superiority of CRLX101 over irinotecan. A pilot trial was conducted at recommended phase 2 dosing (RP2D) using the bimonthly schedule to assess preferential uptake of CRLX101 in tumor vs. adjacent normal tissue in endoscopically accessible tumors in chemotherapy-refractory gastroesophageal cancer. Results from the biopsies were previously reported and herein we present the clinical outcomes. Methods: Patients initiated CRLX101 dosed at RP2D (15 mg/m2) on days 1 and 15 of a 28-day cycle. Detection of preferential CRLX101 tumor uptake was the primary endpoint and objective response rate (ORR) was a secondary endpoint. With a sample size of ten patients, the study had 90% power to detect ≥1 responder if the true response rate is ≥21%. Results: Between Dec. 2012 and Dec. 2014, ten patients with chemotherapy-refractory (median 2 prior lines of therapy, range 1-4) gastric adenocarcinoma were enrolled. The median time-to-progression was 1.7 months. Best response was seen in one patient with stable disease (SD) for 8 cycles. Only ≥ grade 3 drugrelated toxicity occurred in one patient with grade 3 cardiac chest pain who was able to resume therapy after CRLX101 was reduced to 12 mg/m2. Conclusions: Bimonthly CRLX101 demonstrated minimal activity with SD as best response in this heavily pretreated population. Future efforts with CRLX101 in gastric cancer should focus on combination and more dose-intensive strategies given its favorable toxicity profile and evidence of preferential tumor uptake.
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