Background: Efficacy of sequential therapy with nucleos(t)ide analogues and interferons versus monotherapy in patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) remains unexplored. We aimed to assess efficacy and safety of sequential therapy with adefovir (ADV) or entecavir (ETV) followed by peginterferon (PEG-IFN) alfa-2a in Taiwanese patients with HBeAg-positive. Methods: This randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial was conducted at nine sites in Taiwan from April 2010 to October 2013. Patients (N = 280) were randomized 1:1:1 to receive placebo, ETV or ADV alone for four weeks, combined with PEG-IFN alfa-2a for two weeks, then PEG-IFN alfa-2a alone for 46 weeks. The primary efficacy end point was HBeAg seroconversion at 48 weeks post-treatment. Results: No significant differences were observed among groups for HBeAg seroconversion (PEG-IFN alfa-2a+placebo, 36.3%; PEG-IFN alfa-2a+ETV, 29.5%; and PEG-IFN alfa-2a+ADV, 27.4%), HBeAg loss (37.4%, 32.2%, and 28.6%, respectively) or change in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels from baseline (-0.56 IU/mL, -0.60 IU/mL, and -0.41 IU/mL, respectively). However, hepatitis B virus DNA levels were higher with PEG-IFN alfa-2a+placebo than PEG-IFN alfa+ETV at week 64 (p = 0.0412), 76 (p = 0.0311), and 88 (p = 0.0113), and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) normalization rate was higher with PEG-IFN alfa-2a+placebo than PEG-IFN alfa-2a+ADV (p = 0.0283) or PEG-IFN alfa-2a+ETV (p = 0.0369) at week 88. Sub-analysis of results revealed an association between on-treatment HBsAg and ALT levels and efficacy 48 weeks post-treatment. Safety was comparable among treatment groups. Conclusion: Pre-therapy with ADV or ETV followed by PEG-IFN alfa-2a is not superior to PEG-IFN alfa-2a monotherapy in Taiwanese patients with HBeAg-positive CHB. Clinical trial ID: NCT: 00922207.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Hsu, C. W., Su, W. W., Lee, C. M., Peng, C. Y., Chuang, W. L., Kao, J. H., Chu, H. C., Huang, Y. H., Chien, R. N., & Liaw, Y. F. (認可的出版社/出版中). Phase IV randomized clinical study: Peginterferon alfa-2a with adefovir or entecavir pre-therapy for HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfma.2017.12.007