Personality and object relations in patients with affective disorders: Idiographic research by means of the repertory grid technique

H. Böker, D. Hell, K. Budischewski, A. Eppel, F. Härtling, H. Rinnert, F. Von Schmeling, H. Will, F. Schoeneich, G. Northoff

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19 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: This paper presents an idiographic approach to evaluate the self concept and the self-object-relationship of patients suffering from affective disorders. Methods: Significant dimensions of the personality and the object relations of 127 depressive patients and 34 orthopaedic patients were investigated with the repertory grid-technique. The self concept and the object relations were compared by means of nomothetically used idiographic results after recovery from manifest depression. Results: 'Low self esteem' was frequently found in patients with a long lasting course of illness and the ICD-10-diagnoses of 'bipolar affective disorder' and 'dysthymia'. The object relations of the depressive sample were characterised by the dimension 'symbiotic near'; 'ambivalent' and 'indifferent' partnership relationships were found much more frequently in the controls. Conclusions: The idiographic results help to differentiate the spectrum of affective disorders. They underline the importance of the interpersonal dimension of depression and may be used as a basis of a therapeutic appraisal. Limitations: The repertory grid-technique may not be used as a diagnostic instrument. However, the combination of idiographic results with further clinical informations enables the multidimensional assessment of the self concept and psychosocial coping mechanisms. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)53-59
頁數7
期刊Journal of Affective Disorders
60
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 10月 2000
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 精神病學和心理健康
  • 行為神經科學
  • 生物精神病學
  • 神經內科
  • 心理學(全部)

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