Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) and neurodegenerative disorders

Yu Chang Chen, Jui Sheng Wu, Hsin Da Tsai, Chien Yu Huang, Jin Jer Chen, Grace Y. Sun, Teng Nan Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

86 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

As the growth of the aging population continues to accelerate globally, increased prevalence of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and stroke, has generated substantial public concern. Unfortunately, despite of discoveries of common factors underlying these diseases, few drugs are available to effectively treat these diseases. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) is a ligand-activated transcriptional factor that belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. PPAR-γ has been shown to influence the expression or activity of a large number of genes in a variety of signaling networks, including regulation of insulin sensitivity, glucose homeostasis, fatty acid oxidation, immune responses, redox balance, cardiovascular integrity, and cell fates. Recent epidemiological, preclinical animal, and clinical studies also show that PPAR- γ agonists can lower the incidence of a number of neurological disorders, despite of multiple etiological factors involved in the development of these disorders. In this manuscript, we review current knowledge on mechanisms underlying the beneficial effect of PPAR-γ in different neurodegenerative diseases, in particular, AD, PD, and stroke, and attempt to analyze common and overlapping features among these diseases. Our investigation unveiled information suggesting the ability for PPAR-γ to inhibit NF-κB-mediated inflammatory signaling at multiple sites, and conclude that PPAR-γ agonists represent a novel class of drugs for treating neuroinflammatory diseases.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)114-124
頁數11
期刊Molecular Neurobiology
46
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 1月 1 2012
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 細胞與分子神經科學

指紋

深入研究「Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) and neurodegenerative disorders」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此