Peripheral neuropathology of the upper airway in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

Yi Ju Tsai, Kannan Ramar, Yao Jen Liang, Po Han Chiu, Nelson Powell, Chao Yun Chi, Tzu Chen Lung, Wesley Wen-Yang Lin, Po Jung Tseng, Ming Ying Wu, Kuan Chiao Chien, Edward M. Weaver, Fei Peng Lee, Chia Mo Lin, Kuang Chao Chen, Rayleigh Ping Ying Chiang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻回顧型文獻同行評審

18 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common sleep disorder that leads to significant morbidity and mortality without adequate treatment. Though much emphasis on the pathogenesis of OSAS has been placed on a narrow upper airway space and associated muscular factors, possible neuropathy of the upper airway has not been fully elucidated. Increasing peer reviewed evidence suggests involvement of neurologic lesions of the upper airway in OSAS patients.In this article, we review the etiology and pathophysiology of OSAS, the evidence and possible mechanisms leading to upper airway neuropathy, and the relationship between upper airway neuropathy and OSAS. Further studies should focus on the long term effects of the upper airway neuropathy as related to the duration and severity of snoring and or apnea, and also on the potential methods of prevention and management of the neuropathy in sleep disordered breathing.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)161-168
頁數8
期刊Sleep Medicine Reviews
17
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 四月 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 肺和呼吸系統醫學
  • 神經內科
  • 神經病學(臨床)
  • 生理學(醫學)

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