Perceived Self-Efficacy and Outcome Expectancies in Coping with Chronic Low Back Pain

Chia-Chin Lin, Sandra E. Ward

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

32 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The purposes of this study were to explore the coping strategies used by patients with chronic low back pain, to test hypothesized mediators of the relationship between self-efficacy and pain outcomes, and to determine the roles of self-efficacy and outcome expectancies in coping with pain in patients (N = 85) with chronic low back pain. The most common coping behaviors were reporting pain, using pain medications, and coping self-statements. Patients' self-efficacy to cope with pain was inversely correlated with pain intensity. Self-efficacy was positively correlated with perseverance of coping effort. Perseverance of coping effort was found to mediate the effects of self-efficacy on pain outcomes; however, level of distress was not found to be a mediator. Outcome expectancies were positively correlated with perseverance of coping effort. These findings are discussed in terms of implications for practice and directions for future research.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)299-310
頁數12
期刊Research in Nursing and Health
19
發行號4
出版狀態已發佈 - 八月 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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