Perceived risk of tuberculosis infection among healthcare workers in Swaziland

Yi Hao Weng, Patience Thulile Bhembe, Hung Yi Chiou, Chun Yuh Yang, Ya Wen Chiu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

2 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Background: The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in the Kingdom of Swaziland is extremely high. How healthcare workers (HCWs) in Swaziland perceive infection control (IC) measures for preventing TB transmission is unclear. This study aimed to determine perceived risk of TB infection in relation to IC measures among HCWs in three institutions of Swaziland. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted in 2014. Demographic data and IC measures were collected from main and allied HCWs. Results: In total, 186 HCWs (19 doctors, 99 nurses, and 68 allied HCWs) were enrolled. The multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that nurses (OR = 39.87, 95% CI = 2.721-584.3) and other HCWs (OR =99.34, 95% CI = 7.469-1321) perceived a higher TB infection risk than did doctors. Moreover, HCWs working for <4 years at the TB department perceived a lower TB infection risk (OR = 0.099, 95% CI = 0.022-0.453). Availability of N95 respirator masks (OR = 0.055, 95% CI = 0.005-0.586) and a designated sputum collection area (OR = 0.142, 95% CI = 0.037-0.545) also carried lower TB infection risks. Conclusion: This study depicts the current status of IC measures for TB infection in a high prevalence country. The results suggest that HCWs perceived a greater TB infection risk at inadequate environmental IC measures.
原文英語
文章編號697
期刊BMC Infectious Diseases
16
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十一月 23 2016

指紋

Swaziland
Tuberculosis
Delivery of Health Care
Infection Control
Infection
Nurses
Mechanical Ventilators
Masks
Sputum
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Demography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases

引用此文

Perceived risk of tuberculosis infection among healthcare workers in Swaziland. / Weng, Yi Hao; Bhembe, Patience Thulile; Chiou, Hung Yi; Yang, Chun Yuh; Chiu, Ya Wen.

於: BMC Infectious Diseases, 卷 16, 編號 1, 697, 23.11.2016.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

Weng, Yi Hao ; Bhembe, Patience Thulile ; Chiou, Hung Yi ; Yang, Chun Yuh ; Chiu, Ya Wen. / Perceived risk of tuberculosis infection among healthcare workers in Swaziland. 於: BMC Infectious Diseases. 2016 ; 卷 16, 編號 1.
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abstract = "Background: The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in the Kingdom of Swaziland is extremely high. How healthcare workers (HCWs) in Swaziland perceive infection control (IC) measures for preventing TB transmission is unclear. This study aimed to determine perceived risk of TB infection in relation to IC measures among HCWs in three institutions of Swaziland. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted in 2014. Demographic data and IC measures were collected from main and allied HCWs. Results: In total, 186 HCWs (19 doctors, 99 nurses, and 68 allied HCWs) were enrolled. The multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that nurses (OR = 39.87, 95{\%} CI = 2.721-584.3) and other HCWs (OR =99.34, 95{\%} CI = 7.469-1321) perceived a higher TB infection risk than did doctors. Moreover, HCWs working for <4 years at the TB department perceived a lower TB infection risk (OR = 0.099, 95{\%} CI = 0.022-0.453). Availability of N95 respirator masks (OR = 0.055, 95{\%} CI = 0.005-0.586) and a designated sputum collection area (OR = 0.142, 95{\%} CI = 0.037-0.545) also carried lower TB infection risks. Conclusion: This study depicts the current status of IC measures for TB infection in a high prevalence country. The results suggest that HCWs perceived a greater TB infection risk at inadequate environmental IC measures.",
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N2 - Background: The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in the Kingdom of Swaziland is extremely high. How healthcare workers (HCWs) in Swaziland perceive infection control (IC) measures for preventing TB transmission is unclear. This study aimed to determine perceived risk of TB infection in relation to IC measures among HCWs in three institutions of Swaziland. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted in 2014. Demographic data and IC measures were collected from main and allied HCWs. Results: In total, 186 HCWs (19 doctors, 99 nurses, and 68 allied HCWs) were enrolled. The multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that nurses (OR = 39.87, 95% CI = 2.721-584.3) and other HCWs (OR =99.34, 95% CI = 7.469-1321) perceived a higher TB infection risk than did doctors. Moreover, HCWs working for <4 years at the TB department perceived a lower TB infection risk (OR = 0.099, 95% CI = 0.022-0.453). Availability of N95 respirator masks (OR = 0.055, 95% CI = 0.005-0.586) and a designated sputum collection area (OR = 0.142, 95% CI = 0.037-0.545) also carried lower TB infection risks. Conclusion: This study depicts the current status of IC measures for TB infection in a high prevalence country. The results suggest that HCWs perceived a greater TB infection risk at inadequate environmental IC measures.

AB - Background: The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in the Kingdom of Swaziland is extremely high. How healthcare workers (HCWs) in Swaziland perceive infection control (IC) measures for preventing TB transmission is unclear. This study aimed to determine perceived risk of TB infection in relation to IC measures among HCWs in three institutions of Swaziland. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted in 2014. Demographic data and IC measures were collected from main and allied HCWs. Results: In total, 186 HCWs (19 doctors, 99 nurses, and 68 allied HCWs) were enrolled. The multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that nurses (OR = 39.87, 95% CI = 2.721-584.3) and other HCWs (OR =99.34, 95% CI = 7.469-1321) perceived a higher TB infection risk than did doctors. Moreover, HCWs working for <4 years at the TB department perceived a lower TB infection risk (OR = 0.099, 95% CI = 0.022-0.453). Availability of N95 respirator masks (OR = 0.055, 95% CI = 0.005-0.586) and a designated sputum collection area (OR = 0.142, 95% CI = 0.037-0.545) also carried lower TB infection risks. Conclusion: This study depicts the current status of IC measures for TB infection in a high prevalence country. The results suggest that HCWs perceived a greater TB infection risk at inadequate environmental IC measures.

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