Fourteen oxygenated compounds were isolated from the preparative-scale biotransformation of isostevic acid (ent-beyeran-19-oic acid). Incubation of it with Aspergillus niger BCRC 32720 produced eight metabolites, four with Bacillus megaterium ATCC 14581, and another four with Mortierella isabellina ATCC 38063. In addition to their structural elucidation by NMR spectroscopy and HRMS, structures of four of these were further confirmed by X-ray diffraction studies. Real-time reverse transcription PCR analysis found that 15 of these compounds displayed significant in vitro anti-inflammatory activity in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages by reducing the levels of both TNF-α and COX-2 mRNA relative to control cells stimulated by LPS alone. The activity of one metabolite was similar to that of dexamethasone in inhibiting the expression of TNF-α mRNA, while all test compounds except two of them were more potent than dexamethasone in inhibiting the expression of the COX-2 mRNA.
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指紋深入研究「Oxygenated compounds from the bioconversion of isostevic acid and their inhibition of TNF-α and COX-2 expressions in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。