Oxidative stress status in recently abstinent methamphetamine abusers

Ming Chyi Huang, Shih Ku Lin, Chun Hsin Chen, Chun Hung Pan, Chao Hui Lee, Hsing Cheng Liu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

20 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Aim Methamphetamine (METH) administration is associated with excessive oxidative stress. It is not known whether the systemic oxidative stress indices would alter during early abstinence in METH abusers with positive urine testing for recent METH exposure. Methods Sixty-four non-treatment-seeking METH abusers enrolled from a controlled environment and 60 healthy controls participated in the study. Fasting serum malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and anti-oxidant indices, including superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activity, and glutathione (GSH) levels, were measured at baseline and 2 weeks after the first measurement. We compared the differences of these oxidative stress indices between METH abusers and controls and examined the changes of the indices 2 weeks after baseline in the METH group. Results At baseline, the recently abstinent METH abusers had significantly higher MDA levels, lower SOD activity, and higher CAT activity and GSH levels compared to healthy controls. CAT and GSH values were positively correlated with MDA but negatively correlated with SOD. These oxidative stress indices did not significantly correlate with age, smoking amount, Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test scores, or METH use variables. After 2 more weeks of abstinence, the indices did not alter nor normalize. Conclusion Compared to controls, we found that METH abusers have persistently higher systemic oxidative stress throughout early abstinence. The compromised SOD as well as elevated CAT activity and GSH levels may act together as a compensatory mechanism to counteract excessive oxidative stress induced by METH. Whether the oxidative stress could improve after a longer period of abstinence needs to be examined in future studies.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)92-100
頁數9
期刊Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
67
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 二月 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神經病學(臨床)
  • 神經內科
  • 精神病學和心理健康
  • 神經科學 (全部)

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