Objective To evaluate outcomes after nonobstetric surgical procedures in pregnant patients. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 5591 pregnant women who underwent nonobstetric surgical procedures using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database 2008-2012 claims data. Using a propensity score matching procedure, 22,364 nonpregnant women were selected for comparison. Logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CIs of postoperative complications and in-hospital mortality associated with pregnancy. Results Pregnant women had higher risks of postoperative septicemia (OR=1.75; 95% CI, 1.47-2.07), pneumonia (OR=1.47; 95% CI, 1.01-2.13), urinary tract infection (OR=1.29; 95% CI, 1.08-1.54), and in-hospital mortality (OR=3.94; 95% CI, 2.62-5.92) compared with nonpregnant women. Pregnant women also had longer hospital stays and higher medical expenditures after nonobstetric surgical procedures than controls. Higher rates of postoperative adverse events in pregnant women receiving nonobstetric surgery were noted in all age groups. Conclusion Surgical patients with pregnancy showed more adverse events, with a risk of in-hospital mortality approximately 4-fold higher after nonobstetric surgery compared with nonpregnant patients. These findings suggest the urgent need to revise the protocols for postoperative care for this population.
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