Orexin-A modulates glutamatergic NMDA-dependent spinal reflex potentiation via inhibition of NR2B subunit

Hsien Yu Peng, Hung Ming Chang, Sarah Y. Chang, Kwong Chung Tung, Shin Da Lee, Dylan Chou, Cheng Yuan Lai, Chun Hsien Chiu, Gin Den Chen, Tzer Bin Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

20 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Glucose-sensitive neurons in the lateral hypothalamic area produce orexin-A (OxA) as well as orexin-B (OxB) and send their axons to the spinal dorsal horn, which predominantly expresses orexin receptor-1 (OX-1), showing a higher sensitivity to OxA. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of OxA on the induction of a novel form of activity-dependent reflex potentiation, spinal reflex potentiation (SRP), in the pelvicurethral reflex activity. External urethra sphincter electromyogram in response to pelvic afferent nerve test stimulation (TS; 1/30 Hz) or repetitive stimulation (RS; 1 Hz) was recorded in anesthetized rats. TS evoked a baseline reflex activity, whereas RS produced SRP, which was abolished by intrathecal OxA (30 nM, 10 μl). Intrathecal SB-408124 (10 μM, 10 μl), an OX-1 antagonist, reversed the abolition on SRP caused by OxA. Although there is, so far, no NR2A- and NR2B-specific agonist available, N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) reversed the abolition on the RS-induced SRP caused by the co-administration of OxA and Co-101244 (30 nM, 10 μl; an NMDA NR2B subunit antagonist), but it did not reverse the abolition by the co-administration of OxA and PPPA (300 nM, 10 μl; an NMDA NR2A subunit antagonist). In conclusion, the activation of descending orexinergic fibers may inhibit the repetitive afferent input-induced central sensitization of pelvic-urethral reflex activity and urethra hyperactivity, indicating that spinal orexinergic neural transmission may be a novel target for the treatment of patients with neuropathetic or postinflammatory pain of pelvic origin.
期刊American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
出版狀態已發佈 - 七月 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生理學
  • 生理學(醫學)
  • 內分泌學、糖尿病和代謝
  • 內分泌
  • 生物化學


深入研究「Orexin-A modulates glutamatergic NMDA-dependent spinal reflex potentiation via inhibition of NR2B subunit」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。