Although histone deacetylase 8 (HDAC8) plays a role in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), whether its inhibition facilitates the treatment of temozolomide (TMZ)-resistant GBM (GBM-R) remains unclear. By assessing the gene expression profiles from short hairpin RNA of HDAC8 in the new version of Connectivity Map (CLUE) and cells treated by NBM-BMX (BMX)-, an HDAC8 inhibitor, data analysis reveals that the Wnt signaling pathway and apoptosis might be the underlying mechanisms in BMX-elicited treatment. This study evaluated the efficacy of cotreatment with BMX and TMZ in GBM-R cells. We observed that cotreatment with BMX and TMZ could overcome resistance in GBM-R cells and inhibit cell viability, markedly inhibit cell proliferation, and then induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. In addition, the expression level of β-catenin was reversed by proteasome inhibitor via the β-catenin/ GSK3β signaling pathway to reduce the expression level of c-Myc and cyclin D1 in GBM-R cells. BMX and TMZ cotreatment also upregulated WT-p53 mediated MGMT inhibition, thereby triggering the activation of caspase-3 and eventually leading to apoptosis in GBM-R cells. Moreover, BMX and TMZ attenuated the expression of CD133, CD44, and SOX2 in GBM-R cells. In conclusion, BMX overcomes TMZ resistance by enhancing TMZ-mediated cytotoxic effect by downregulating the β-catenin/c-Myc/SOX2 signaling pathway and upregulating WT-p53 mediated MGMT inhibition. These findings indicate a promising drug combination for precision personal treating of TMZ-resistant WT-p53 GBM cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas