Myoepithelial and oral intracranial myxoid mesenchymal tumor-like neoplasms as diagnostic considerations of the ever-expanding extracranial myxocollagenous tumors harboring FET-CREB fusions

Pei Hang Lee, Yu Chien Kao, Tsung Han Hsieh, Jia Bin Liao, Chien Feng Li, Jen Chieh Lee, Yi Ming Chang, Ching Di Chang, Shih Chiang Huang, Tzu Ju Chen, Ting Ting Liu, Shih Chen Yu, Hsuan Ying Huang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Aims: Intracranial myxoid mesenchymal tumors (IMMTs) with fusions between EWSR1/FUS and CREB transcription factors have morphologic overlap with myxoid angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (mAFH) and myoepithelial tumor/carcinoma (MET/MEC). We aimed to study the clinicopathologic and genetic spectrum of extracranial IMMT-like tumors and their relationships with mAFH and MET/MEC. Methods: Twelve extracranial tumors harboring EWSR1/FUS-CREB fusions across different histologic groups were characterized using RNA sequencing, FISH and/or RT-PCR. Results: There were 4 IMMT-like neoplasms, 3 MET/MECs, and 5 mAFHs from the tibia (n=1), oral cavity (n=2), and soft tissues (n=9; 5 in the extremities), harboring EWSR1-ATF1 in 4 cases, FUS-CREM and EWSR1-CREM in 3 each, and EWSR1-CREB1 in 2. Multinodular growth, reticular/cording/trabecular arrangements, myxocollagenous matrix, and lymphocytic infiltrates variably prevailed among the 3 groups. mAFHs were characterized by cells with syncytial cytoplasm. IMMT-like neoplasms and MET/MECs shared cells with distinct boundaries, but only MET/MECs expressed GFAP and/or S100. MUC4 and ALK were expressed in some IMMT-like neoplasms (2/4; 2/4) and mAFH (2/5; 1/5). Pan-TRK reactivity was observed in two IMMT-like neoplasms with upregulated NTRK3 mRNA and one MEC. Local recurrences, typically ≥ 12 months postoperatively, developed in 2/3 IMMT-like neoplasms, 1/2 MET/MECs, and 0/4 mAFHs with follow-up. No definite associations were found between fusion types and histology, immunoprofile or outcome. Conclusions: We demonstrated the similarities and differences among 3 extracranial myxocollagenous tumor groups sharing EWSR1/FUS-CREB fusions. Oral IMMT-like neoplasms harboring FUS-CREM or EWSR1-ATF1 and FUS-CREM-positive.

原文英語
文章編號153700
期刊Pathology Research and Practice
229
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 1月 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 病理學與法醫學
  • 細胞生物學

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