We previously synthesized new tubulin inhibitors, MPT0B169 and MPT0B002, which induced growth inhibition and apoptosis in leukemia cells. However, their effects on solid tumor cells have not been determined. In this study, we investigated the effects of MPT0B169 and MPT0B002 on glioblastoma, breast, lung, and colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines. A cell viability analysis showed that MPT0B169 and MPT0B002 were more effective in inhibiting the proliferation of COLO205 and HT29 CRC cells than U87MG and GBM8401 glioblastoma, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer, and A549 lung cancer cells. MPT0B169 and MPT0B002 inhibited growth of COLO205 and HT29 cells in dose- and time-dependent manners. A colony-formation assay confirmed the growth inhibitory effects of MPT0B169 and MPT0B002 on COLO205 and HT29 cells. MPT0B169 and MPT0B002 disrupted tubulin polymerization and arrested the cell cycle at the G2/M phase, with a concomitant increase of the cyclin B1 level. MPT0B169 and MPT0B002 induced apoptosis, accompanied by induction of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway, as shown by a reduction in the caspase-9 level and increases in cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP. These results suggest that MPT0B169 and MPT0B002, new tubulin inhibitors, induced growth inhibition, G2/M arrest, and apoptosis in COLO205 and HT29 cells, and they could potentially be anticancer agents for CRC cells.
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