摘要

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a hematopoietic malignancy caused by the constitutive activation of Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase. The Bcr-Abl inhibitor imatinib and other second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as dasatinib and nilotinib have remarkable efficacy in CML treatment. However, gene mutation-mediated drug resistance remains a critical problem. Among point mutations, the Bcr-Abl T315I mutation confers resistance to these Bcr-Abl inhibitors. Previously, we have synthesized the compound (1-methyl-1H-indol-5-yl)-(3,4,5-trimethoxy-phenyl)-methanone (MPT0B002) as a novel microtubule inhibitor. In this study, we evaluated its effects on the proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis of K562 CML cells and BaF3 cells expressing either wild-type Bcr-Abl (BaF3/p210) or T315I-mutated Bcr-Abl (BaF3/T315I). MPT0B002 inhibited cell viability in a dose-dependent manner in these cells but did not affect the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. It disrupted tubulin polymerization and arrested cell cycle at the G2/M phase. Treatment with MPT0B002 induced apoptosis, and this induction was associated with increased levels of cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP. Furthermore, MPT0B002 can downregulate both Bcr-Abl and Bcr-Abl-T315I mRNA expressions and protein levels and the downstream signaling pathways. Taken together, our findings suggest that MPT0B002 may be considered a promising compound to downregulate not only wild type Bcr-Abl but also the T315I mutant to overcome Bcr-Abl-T315I mutation-mediated resistance in CML cells.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)427-435
頁數9
期刊Investigational New Drugs
35
發行號4
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 八月 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 腫瘤科
  • 藥理
  • 藥學(醫學)

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