1. It has been demonstrated that oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OX-LDL) is a risk factor in atherosclerosis by stimulating vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. However, the mechanisms of OX-LDL-induced cell proliferation are not completely understood. Therefore, we investigated the effect of OX-LDL on cell proliferation associated with mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation in rat cultured VSMCs. 2. Both native-LDL (N-LDL) and OX-LDL induced a time- and concentration-dependent incorporation of [ 3H]-thymidine in VSMCs. 3. OX-LDL induced time- and concentration-dependent phosphorylation of p42/p44 MAPK. Pretreatment of these cells with pertussis toxin or U73122 attenuated the OX-LDL-induced responses. 4. Pretreatment with PMA for 24 h, preincubation with a PKC inhibitor staurosporine or the tyrosine kinase inhibitors, genistein and herbimycin A for 1 h, substantially reduced [ 3H]-thymidine incorporation and p42/p44 MAPK phosphorylation induced by OX-LDL. 5. Removal of Ca 2+ by BAPTA/AM or depletion of the internal Ca 2+ pool by thapsigargin significantly inhibited OX-LDL-induced [ 3H]-thymidine incorporation and p42/p44 MAPK phosphorylation. 6. OX-LDL-induced [ 3H]-thymidine incorporation and p42/p44 MAPK phosphorylation was inhibited by PD98059 (an inhibitor of MEK1/2) and SB203580 (an inhibitor of p38 MAPK) in a concentration-dependent manner. 7. Overexpression of dominant negative mutants of Ras (H-Ras-15A) and Raf (Raf-N4) significantly suppressed MEK1/2 and p42/p44 MAPK activation induced by OX-LDL and PDGF-BB, indicating that Ras and Raf may be required for activation of these kinases. 8. These results suggest that the mitogenic effect of OX-LDL is mediated through a PTX-sensitive G protein-coupled receptor that involves the activation of the Ras/Raf/MEK/MAPK pathway similar to that of PDGF-BB in rat cultured VSMCs.
|頁（從 - 到）||1531-1541|
|期刊||British Journal of Pharmacology|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 2001|
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