Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecules 6 (CEACAM6) is a cell adhesion receptor. Expression of CEACAM6 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) associated with tumor progression and metastatic condition via Src/FAK signaling pathway. We established three anti-CEACAM6 antibodies with valences, which were designed to be monomeric sdAb, bivalent sdAb (2Ab), and tetravalent sdAb (4Ab). The anti-CEACAM6 antibodies can be used to target CEACAM6 overexpressing NSCLC. Anti-CEACAM6 antibodies, sdAb, 2Ab and 4Ab, were modified with different valency via protein engineering. sdAb and multivalent sdAbs (2Ab & 4Ab) were expressed and purified from E.coli and CHO cells, respectively. We compared the effect of anti-CEACAM6 antibodies with doxorubicin in NSCLC cell line both in vitro and in vivo. The 4Ab showed significant effect on cell viability. In addition, A549 cells treated with 2Ab and 4Ab inhibited the invasion and migration. In western blot, the 2Ab and 4Ab showed significant inhibition of phospho FAK domain Ty397 that is essential for activation of Src kinase family. Meanwhile, overall protein analysis revealed that 2Ab and 4Ab potently inhibited the phosphorylation of pSRC, pERK, pFAK, pAKT, MMP-2, MMP-9 and N-cadherin. Anti-tumor effect was observed in an A549 NSCLC xenograft model treated with 2Ab or 4Ab compared with doxorubicin. Confocal analysis showed higher targeting ability of 4Ab than that of 2Ab at 4 h incubation. Our data suggests that 2Ab and 4Ab inhibits EMT-mediated migration and invasion via suppression of Src/FAK signaling, which exhibits therapeutic efficiency for NSCLC treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas