To determine energy use and growth of infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BDP), we studied metabolic rate and energy balance in five infants with stage III-IV BPD (birth weight 1309±530 gm, gestational age 32±3 weeks, postnatal age 59.8±14.2 days) and in five control infants (birth weight 1540±213 gm, gestational age 33±2 weeks, postnatal age 42.0±4.2 days). infants with BPD had significantly lower energy intake but higher energy expenditure than did control infants. Weight gain and energy cost of growth were significantly less in BPD infants than in control infants, as were urine output and output/intake ratio. We conclude that infants with BPD (1) absorbed caloric intake as well as did normal control infants, (2) had low energy intake and high energy expenditure, resulting in poor weight gain, and (3) had low energy cost of growth, suggesting an alteration in composition of tissue gain, with relatively high water content.
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