Malignant Otitis Externa is Associated with Diabetes: A Population-Based Case-Control Study

Tzong Hann Yang, Sudha Xirasagar, Yen Fu Cheng, Chuan Song Wu, Yi Wei Kao, Ben Chang Shia, Herng Ching Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

摘要

Objective: Despite studies reporting a possible association between malignant otitis externa (MOE) and diabetes, there are no large-scale population-based empirical studies. This nationwide, population-based case-control study explored the association of MOE occurrence with previously diagnosed diabetes. Methods: Data were retrieved from Taiwan’s National Health Insurance Research Database, 753 patients with MOE (cases) and 2 259 propensity score-matched patients without MOE (controls). Multiple logistic regressions were conducted to examine the association of MOE with previously diagnosed diabetes. Results: In total, 728 (24.2%) out of 3 012 sample patients had diabetes prior to the index date. Chi-square test revealed a significant difference in diabetes prevalence among cases and controls (54.8% vs 13.9%, p < 0.001). Simple logistic regression showed the odds ratio for prior diabetes among cases versus controls was 7.50 (95% CI, 6.22~9.03). The adjusted odds ratio of prior diabetes for cases versus controls was 10.07 (95% CI, 8.15~12.44) after adjusting for patient demographics and medical co-morbidities. Conclusions: This study found an association between MOE and diabetes. One clinical practice implication of our study is that when a patient with diabetes complains of otalgia or otorrhea, and physical examination shows swelling of the ear canal or granulation growth, physicians should consider the possibility of MOE.

原文英語
期刊Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
DOIs
出版狀態接受/付印 - 一月 1 2020

    指紋

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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