Malignant gastrointestinal neuroectodermal tumor (MGNET) is a sarcoma typically involving the gastrointestinal tract with neuroectodermal differentiation and EWSR1-ATF1/CREB1 fusions. Recently, rare MGNET cases were reported in extragastrointestinal sites. We identified 2 cases of MGNET arising in unprecedented laryngeal and intracranial locations, respectively. Both cases showed spindle and epithelioid tumor cells with amphophilic to clear cytoplasm and occasionally prominent nucleoli, arranged in solid, fascicular, and pseudoalveolar patterns. Case 1 exhibited moderate to marked nuclear atypia and focal intraepithelial component. In contrast, case 2 comprised predominantly low-grade epithelioid cells with extensive pseudopapillary structures. Both tumors showed an S100/SOX10-positive and HMB45/melan-A-negative immunoprofile as well as EWSR1-ATF1 fusion. A chief obstacle in diagnosing case 1 was the histologic and immunophenotypic resemblance to melanoma. The striking pseudopapillary architecture and the intracranial location of case 2 rendered differential diagnoses including meningioma and ependymoma. With the peculiar locations and morphology, these cases posed great diagnostic challenge.
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