LPS-evoked IL-18 expression in mesangial cells plays a role in accelerating lupus nephritis

H. A. Shui, S. M. Ka, W. M. Wu, Y. F. Lin, Y. C. Hou, L. C. Su, A. Chen

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37 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Objectives. Systemic lupus erythematosus is occasionally accompanied with bacterial infection. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from bacteria can accelerate and exacerbate lupus nephritis (LN) in animal models, but some mechanisms underlying the LPS-induced acceleration are still unclear. First, it is not known whether LPS can stimulate mesangial cells (MCs) to secrete the pro-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin (IL)-18. Second, it is also unclear whether LPS and/or IL-18 can induce MC apoptosis. Here, we attempted to clarify the cause-and-effect relationships between LPS stimulation, IL-18 production and MC apoptosis to address the above questions. Methods. LPS was used to induce accelerated LN in LN-prone mice. LPS and IL-18 were also used to treat cultured MCs isolated from the mice. IL-18 expression and MC apoptosis were investigated by in situ hybridization, the TUNEL method, reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blotting, DNA electrophoresis and flow cytometry. NFκB was detected by immunofluorescent staining. Results. In the LPS-accelerated LN mice, we observed co-existence of IL-18 expression, hyperplasia, apoptosis, and activated apoptotic signal transduction in MCs, as well as marked neutrophil infiltration in the glomerulus, especially around the mesangial region. In cultured MCs, LPS greatly enhanced IL-18 expression, but did not induce apoptosis, while mouse IL-18 did not induce apoptosis or activate apoptotic signal transduction in MCs. Conclusions. We conclude that LPS can evoke IL-18 production in MCs, but neither LPS nor IL-18 directly induces apoptosis or activates apoptotic signal transduction in the cells. We infer that LPS-induced IL-18 production by MCs could be a mediator by which LPS accelerates and exacerbates LN.

頁(從 - 到)1277-1284
出版狀態已發佈 - 八月 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 風濕病
  • 藥學(醫學)


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