Long-term Clinical Outcome of Major Adverse Vascular Events After Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy

Mei Yi Wu, Ping Jen Hu, Chung Shun Wong, Tzu Ting Chen, Jui Yuan Hsueh, Yuh Feng Lin, Yu Kang Tu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and adverse events after pregnancy, including chronic kidney disease and major adverse cardiovascular events (cerebrovascular accident, coronary artery disease, or death). METHODS: A nationwide, population-based cohort study was conducted analyzing women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy identified from Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database from 2004 to 2015. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy were identified using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes. The study cohort was comprised of women aged 20-40 years diagnosed with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy from 2006 to 2013. The comparison group comprised of four randomly selected women without hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, matched for age and index date for each woman with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. All the women were followed from the date of cohort entry until they developed chronic kidney disease or major adverse cardiovascular events or until the end of 2015, whichever occurred first. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to estimate the risk of chronic kidney disease and major adverse cardiovascular events. RESULTS: We identified 29,852 women with a diagnosis of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and 119,408 matched women without hypertensive disorders of pregnancy who fit the inclusion criteria. The crude hazard ratios (HRs) were 5.22 (95% CI 4.67-5.83) and 2.26 (95% CI 1.99-2.57) for chronic kidney disease and major adverse cardiovascular events. After adjusting for potential confounders, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy was associated with a higher risk of chronic kidney disease (adjusted HR, 4.26; 95% CI 3.80-4.78), and major adverse cardiovascular events (adjusted HR, 2.15; 95% CI 1.89-2.45). CONCLUSION: This population-based cohort study indicated that women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are at a higher risk of chronic kidney disease and major adverse cardiovascular events than women without hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Further studies are required to clarify the nature of these associations and to improve public health interventions.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)285-293
頁數9
期刊Obstetrics and Gynecology
137
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 二月 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 婦產科

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