Long non-coding RNA and epigenetic gene regulation of KSHV

Mel Campbell, Hsing Jien Kung, Yoshihiro Izumiya

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻回顧型文獻同行評審

21 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV/human herpesvirus 8) is a γ-herpesvirus linked to Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) and two lymphoproliferative disorders, primary effusion lymphoma (PEL or body-cavity B-lymphoma [BCBL]) and a subset of Multicentric Castleman’s Disease. During lytic growth, pervasive viral transcription generating a variety of transcripts with uncertain protein-coding potential has been described on a genome-wide scale in β- and γ-herpesviruses. One class of such RNAs is called long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). KSHV encodes a viral lncRNA known as polyadenylated nuclear RNA (PAN RNA), a copious early gene product. PAN RNA has been implicated in KSHV gene expression, replication, and immune modulation. PAN RNA expression is required for optimal expression of the entire KSHV lytic gene expression program. Latent KSHV episomes are coated with viral latency-associated nuclear antigen (LANA). LANA rapidly dissociates from episomes during reactivation. Here we review recent studies suggesting that PAN RNA may function as a viral lncRNA, including a role in the facilitation of LANA-episomal dissociation during lytic replication.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)4165-4177
頁數13
期刊Viruses
6
發行號11
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十一月 4 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 傳染性疾病
  • 病毒學

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