Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important regulators of diverse biological processes; however, their function in macrophage activation is undefined. We describe a new regulatory mechanism, where an unreported lncRNA, PTPRE-AS1, targets receptor-type tyrosine protein phosphatase ε (PTPRE) to regulate macrophage activation. PTPRE-AS1 was selectively expressed in IL-4–stimulated macrophages, and its knockdown promoted M2 macrophage activation via MAPK/ERK 1/2 pathway. In vivo, PTPRE-AS1 deficiency enhanced IL-4–mediated M2 macrophage activation and accelerated pulmonary allergic inflammation while reducing chemical-induced colitis. Mechanistically, PTPRE-AS1bound WDR5 directly, modulating H3K4me3 of the PTPRE promoter to regulate PTPRE-dependent signaling during M2 macrophage activation. Further, the expression of PTPRE-AS1 and PTPRE was significantly lower in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with allergic asthma. These results provide evidence supporting the importance of PTPRE-AS1 in controlling macrophage function and the potential utility of PTPRE-AS1 as a target for controlling inflammatory diseases.
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