A novel device for cholesteric liquid crystal (LC; CLC)-based biosensing chips for detecting heme oxygenase (HO)-1 within the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was invented. In the CLC device, the reorientation of the LCs was strongly influenced by the alignment layer surface and adjacent LCs. When the substrate was coated with the alignment layer, the CLCs oriented homeotropically in a focal conic state. Once HO-1 was immobilized onto the orientation sheet-coated substrate, the CLC changed from a focal conic state to a bright planar state by disrupting the CLCs. The concentration of HO-1 within CSF was shown to be an effective outcome indicator for patients with a spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. We showed that the CLC immunoassaying can be used to measure HO-1 with a lower detection limit of about 10 ng/mL. The linear range was 10 ng/mL to 1 mg/mL. An easy-to-use, rapid-detection, and label-free CLC immunoassay device is proposed.