Burnout has been considered important to understand the well-being of people who work with individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) and developmental disabilities (DD). To identify personal and workplace characteristics associated with burnout, this study aimed to utilize the Chinese version of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory to provide a burnout profile of caregivers who served individuals with ID/DD and evaluate the potential factors associated with burnout in this group. A purposive sampling method and a self-administered structured questionnaire were employed to recruit 276 caregivers from 4 different disability institutions for study participation. The results revealed that the average personal burnout score (PBS) and work-related burnout score (WBS) were 44.0 (SD = 16.8) and 34.2 (SD = 15.9). These burnout scores were higher compared with general full time employees in Taiwan. The results showed that that 17.8% of the staff were moderately burnt out (PBS score: 50-70), and 7.6% of the staff were in the highest exhausted level (PBS score ≧ 70) of PBS. With regard to the WBS score, 20.7% were moderately burnt out (PBS score: 50-70), and 5.1% of the staff were in the highest exhausted level (WBS score ≧ 70). Finally, a multiple regression analysis reported that the factors of self-report health status and WBS significantly predicted higher respondent PBS (R2 = 0.642). The study highlights the need to improve the psychological health and well-being of the caregivers who work with individuals with ID/DD and the need for the institutions to strengthen supportive healthy working environments to decrease staff burnout.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Clinical Psychology
- Developmental and Educational Psychology