Intravenous tranexamic acid (TXA) has been administered to reduce intraoperative blood loss in scoliosis surgery. However, the therapeutic effect of TXA on spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) scoliosis surgery is not well demonstrated. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the efficacy of intravenous TXA in SMA scoliosis surgery. From December 1993 to August 2020, 30 SMA patients who underwent scoliosis surgery (posterior fusion with fusion level of thoracic second or third to pelvis) were retrospectively enrolled and divided into the TXA group and non‐TXA (control) group, with 15 patients in each group. Survey parameters were the amount of blood loss, blood transfusion, crystalloid transfusion volume, intubation time, and associated pulmonary complications (including pneumonia, pulmonary edema, and pulmonary atelectasis). The TXA group had significantly lesser blood loss than the control group (p = 0.011). Compared with the control group, the TXA group had significantly lower blood transfusion (p < 0.001), crystalloid volume (p = 0.041), and total transfusion volume (p = 0.005). In addition, the TXA group had fewer postoperative pulmonary complications, and patients with pulmonary complications were associated with a higher relative crystalloid volume and relative total transfusion volume (p = 0.003 and 0.022, respectively). In conclusion, TXA can be effective in reducing intraoperative blood loss and crystalloid fluid transfusions during scoliosis surgery in SMA patients, which may aid in reducing postoperative pulmonary complications.
|期刊||International journal of environmental research and public health|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 10月 2021|
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