Internalized homophobia, self-esteem, social support and depressive symptoms among sexual and gender minority women in Taiwan: An online survey

Ya Ching Wang, Nae Fang Miao, Shiow Ru Chang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

What is known on the subject?: Sexual minority individuals are more likely to experience depressive disorders than heterosexual individuals. Factors associated with depressive symptoms among sexual minority individuals have been explored and examined; however, there is a limited evidence to understand the factors among sexual minority women in non-western countries. What the paper adds to existing knowledge?: To the best our knowledge, this is the first study examining internalized homophobia, self-esteem, social support and depressive symptoms among sexual minority women in Taiwan. Sexual minority women at risk of having depressive symptoms had a higher level of internalized homophobia, lower self-esteem and fewer support from partners, friends, and families. Specifically, being single, being a student and having a higher personal income increased the risk of having depressive symptoms among sexual minority women. What are the implications for practice?: Mental health practitioners and nurses should be aware of and assess sexual minority women's level of internalized homophobia, self-esteem, and received social support to reduce the risk of depressive symptoms and thus help prevent suicidal ideation. LGBT sex education and government involvement are essential to buffer the negative influences of a homophobic society on the mental health of sexual minority women. Abstract: Introduction Sexual minority women are more likely to report depressive symptoms than sexual minority men. However, there is a lack of evidence to understand factors associated with depressive symptoms among sexual minority women in non-western countries. Aim This study examined internalized homophobia, self-esteem, social support and depressive symptoms among Taiwanese sexual minority women. Method A total of 581 Taiwanese sexual minority women (Age range 20–48 years old, Mean 26.96, SD 5.718) completed an online survey. Results Taiwanese sexual minority women at risk of having depressive symptoms had a higher level of internalized homophobia and lower self-esteem. Perceived support from participants’ partners, friends and families was related to lower risk of depressive symptoms. Being single, being a student and having a higher personal income were also found to increase the risk of having depressive symptoms among the women. Discussion Mental health interventions are essential for sexual minority women with internalized homophobia and low self-esteem. Implications for Practice Mental health practitioners and nurses should be aware of and assess the concerns that sexual minority women have regarding healthcare services and provide culturally competent care to reduce the risk of depressive symptoms.

原文英語
期刊Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
DOIs
出版狀態接受/付印 - 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health

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