Interaction of vitamin E and exercise training on oxidative stress and antioxidant enzyme activities in rat skeletal muscles

Chen Kang Chang, Hui Yu Huang, Hung Fu Tseng, Yan Der Hsuuw, Tim K. Tso

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

31 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

It has been shown that free radicals are increased during intensive exercise. We hypothesized that vitamin E (vit E) deficiency, which will increase oxidative stress, would augment the training-induced adaptation of antioxidant enzymes. This study investigated the interaction effect of vit E and exercise training on oxidative stress markers and activities of antioxidant enzymes in red quadriceps and white gastrocnemius of rats in a 2×2 design. Thirty-two male rats were divided into trained vit E-adequate, trained vit E-deficient, untrained vit E-adequate, and untrained vit E-deficient groups. The two trained groups swam 6 h/day, 6 days/week for 8 weeks. The two vit E-deficient groups consumed vit E-free diet for 8 weeks. Vitamin E-training interaction effect was significant on thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARSs), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in both muscles. The trained vit E-deficient group showed the highest TBARS and GPX activity and the lowest SOD activity in both muscles. A significant vit E effect on glutathione reductase and catalase was present in both muscles. Glutathione reductase and catalase activities were significantly lower in the two vit E-adequate groups combined than in the two vit E-deficient groups combined in both muscles. This study shows that vit E status and exercise training have interactive effect on oxidative stress and GPX and SOD activities in rat skeletal muscles. Vitamin E deprivation augmented the exercise-induced elevation in GPX activity while inhibiting exercise-induced SOD activity, possibly through elevated oxidative stress.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)39-45
頁數7
期刊Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
18
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 1月 1 2007
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 內分泌學、糖尿病和代謝
  • 生物化學
  • 分子生物學
  • 營養與營養學
  • 臨床生物化學

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