Initial end-tidal CO2 partial pressure predicts outcomes of in-hospital cardiac arrest

An Yi Wang, Chien Hua Huang, Wei Tien Chang, Min Shan Tsai, Chih Hung Wang, Wen Jone Chen

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

8 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Introduction Monitoring the partial pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide (PEtCO2) has been advocated since 2010 as an index of resuscitation efforts. However, related research has largely focused on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victims. In-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) differs in terms of etiologies and demographics, the merit of initial PEtCO2 values was explored. Methods This was a retrospective study in a single medical center between February 2011 and August 2014. Eligible subjects had suffered nontraumatic IHCA in the emergency department, where resuscitation was performed in accord with 2010 American Heart Association guidelines. Patients with initial PEtCO2 recordings via capnography were recruited. Results A total of 353 IHCA events with initial PEtCO2 were recorded in 202 patients (male, 61.4%; mean age, 67.0 ± 16.2 years). Shockable rhythm (ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation) accounted for 11.8%. A cut point of 25.5 mm Hg was established for initial PEtCO2, creating 2 tiers of sustained return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) that differed significantly in cumulative survival probability (log rank test, P =.002). For patients with initial PEtCO2 <25.5 mm Hg, survival benefit ceased at an earlier point in resuscitation, whereas above this threshold, the probability of survival cumulatively increased for a longer period. In multivariate analysis, initial PEtCO2 >25.5 mm Hg was found independently predictive of sustained ROSC (odds ratio, 2.64; 95% confidence interval, 1.43-4.88; P =.002), and survival to discharge (odds ratio, 3.10; 95% confidence interval, 1.26-7.60; P =.014), but failed to correlate with neurologic outcome. Conclusion In IHCA, the therapeutic threshold for initial PEtCO2 should set fairly higher to encourage more pulmonary flow and increase the likelihood of sustained ROSC.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)2367-2371
頁數5
期刊American Journal of Emergency Medicine
34
發行號12
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十二月 1 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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