Clathrin-dependent endocytosis is believed to be involved in TGFβ-stimulated cellular responses, but the subcellular locus at which TGFβ induces signaling remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate that inhibitors of clathrin-dependent endocytosis, which are known to arrest the progression of endocytosis at coated-pit stages, inhibit internalization of cell-surface-bound TGFβ and promote colocalization and accumulation of TβR-I and SARA at the plasma membrane. These inhibitors enhance TGFβ-induced signaling and cellular responses (Smad2 phosphorylation/nuclear localization and expression of PAI-1). Dynasore, a newly identified inhibitor of dynamin GTPase activity, is one of the most potent inhibitors among those tested and, furthermore, is a potent enhancer of TGFβ. Dynasore ameliorates atherosclerosis in the aortic endothelium of hypercholesterolemic ApoE-null mice by counteracting the suppressed TGFβ responsiveness caused by the hypercholesterolemia, presumably acting through its effect on TGFβ endocytosis and signaling in vascular cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
Chen, C. L., Hou, W. H., Liu, I. H., Hsiao, G., Huang, S. S., & Huang, J. S. (2009). Inhibitors of clathrin-dependent endocytosis enhance TGFβ signaling and responses. Journal of Cell Science, 122(11), 1863-1871. https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.038729