Inhibition of agonist-induced vasocontraction and impairment of endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation by extract of motorcycle exhaust particles in vitro

Yu Wen Cheng, Jaw Jou Kang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

27 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The in vitro effects of motorcycle exhaust particulate extract (MEPE) on blood vessels were studied in thoracic aorta isolated from Wistar rat. The MEPE relaxed the phenylephrine-precontracted aorta with an EC50 value of 0.05 ± 0.004 mg/ml. This relaxing effect of MEPE persisted in endothelium-denuded aorta, suggesting that the relaxation induced by MEPE is endothelium-independent. The phenylephrine-induced vasocontraction and inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate formation were inhibited concentration dependently in aorta pretreated with MEPE. However, the high-K+-induced vasocontraction and the Ca2+ sensitivity of the contractile proteins were not significantly affected by MEPE. In addition to the inhibitory effects on agonist-induced contraction, the vasorelaxing effects both of acetylcholine and of sodium nitroprusside were impaired by MEPE. The inhibitory effects of MEPE on acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside, but not phenylephrine, were reversed by cotreatment with superoxide dismutase. These results showed that the MEPE, added in vitro, inhibited the phenylephrine-induced, but not depolarization-induced, vasocontraction of aorta. The MEPE also impaired the vasorelaxation induced by acetylcholine in a superoxide anion-dependent manner.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)75-87
頁數13
期刊Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A
57
發行號2
出版狀態已發佈 - 五月 28 1999
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 環境科學 (全部)
  • 環境化學
  • 公共衛生、環境和職業健康
  • 污染
  • 毒理學
  • 健康、毒理學和誘變

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