Infertility with defective spermatogenesis and hypotestosteronemia in male mice lacking the androgen receptor in Sertoli cells

Chawnshang Chang, Yen T. Chen, Shauh D. Yeh, Qingquan Xu, Ruey Sheng Wang, Florian Guillou, Henry Lardy, Shuyuan Yeh

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

330 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Androgens and the androgen receptor (AR) play important roles in male fertility, although the detailed mechanisms, particularly how androgen/AR influences spermatogenesis in particular cell types, remain unclear. Using a Cre-Lox conditional knockout strategy, we generated a tissue-specific knockout mouse with the AR gene deleted only in Sertoli cells (S-AR-/y). Phenotype analyses show the S-AR-/y mice were indistinguishable from WT AR mice (B6 AR+/y) with the exception of testes, which were significantly atrophied. S-AR-/v mice were infertile, with spermatogenic arrest predominately at the diplotene premeiotic stage and almost no sperm detected in the epididymides. S-AR-/y mice also have lower serum testosterone concentrations and higher serum leuteinizing hormone concentrations than B6 AR+/y mice. Further mechanistic studies demonstrated that S-AR-/y mice have defects in the expression of anti-Müllerian hormone, androgen-binding protein, cyclin A1, and sperm-1, which play important roles in the control of spermatogenesis and/or steroidogenesis. Together, our Sertoli cell-specific AR knockout mice provide in vivo evidence of the need for functional AR in Sertoli cells to maintain normal spermatogenesis and testosterone production, and ensure normal male fertility.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)6876-6881
頁數6
期刊Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
101
發行號18
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 五月 4 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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