Objective: This study used a population-based dataset to determine whether (compared with vaginal deliveries), cesarean section deliveries increase the risk of postpartum stroke during the 3-, 6-, or 12-month period after delivery. Study Design: This study used 1998-2003 records from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for 987,010 women with singleton deliveries from 1998-2002. Cox proportional hazard regressions were carried out to compute stroke-free survival rates between the 2 delivery modes. Results: The regression model indicated that, compared with patients who delivered vaginally, the hazard ratio for postpartum stroke among those who delivered by cesarean section was 1.67 times greater within 3 months of delivery (95% CI, 1.29-2.16), was 1.61 times greater within 6 months of delivery (95% CI, 1.31-1.98), and was 1.49 times greater within 12 months of delivery (95% CI, 1.27-1.76). Conclusion: Our data indicates that cesarean section delivery is an independent risk factor for stroke.
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