Increased Risk of co-morbid eye disease in patients with chronic renal failure: A population-based study

Tsung Jen Wang, Cho Kai Wu, Chao Chien Hu, Joseph J. Keller, Herng Ching Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

18 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Purpose: A large-scale population-based study on ophthalmic disorders among patients suffering from chronic renal failure (CRF) is lacking in the literature. This study examined the prevalence and risk of selected ocular co-morbidities (including retinal disorders, uveitis, glaucoma, cataract, and dry eye) in patients with CRF. Methods: Data were sourced from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database. 9,149 patients with CRF were included in the study group, and 27,447 matched patients in the comparison group (age 40-98 years). We calculated the prevalence of retinal disorders, uveitis, glaucoma, cataract, and dry eye for patients with and without CRF. Conditional logistic regression analyses were also performed to compare the risk of ophthalmic disorders for patients with and without CRF, after taking into consideration sex, age group, diabetes, hypertension, monthly income, geographic region, and level of urbanization of the patient's community. Results: In this study, patients with CRF had significantly higher prevalence of retinal disorders (16.62% vs. 9.70%), uveitis (1.38% vs. 0.95%), glaucoma (7.56% vs. 5.70%), and cataract (33.08% vs. 28.90%) than patients without CRF (all p <0.001). However, no significant difference was observed in the prevalence of dry eye between these two groups. After adjusting for potential confounders, patients with CRF had higher odds of retinal disorder (odds ratio, OR, 1.84, 95% confidence interval, CI, 1.72-1.98), uveitis (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.07-1.66), glaucoma (OR 1.35, 95% CI 1.23-1.48), and cataract (OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.18-1.31) than patients without CRF. Conclusion: We conclude that patients with CRF had a significantly higher prevalence of retinal disorders, uveitis, glaucoma, and cataract compared with patients without CRF.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)137-143
頁數7
期刊Ophthalmic Epidemiology
19
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 六月 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Epidemiology

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