Background/purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate the role of tigecycline in Vibrio vulnificus infection. Methods: Eight randomly selected clinical V. vulnificus isolates were studied to obtain the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of minocycline, cefotaxime, and tigecycline, and the time-kill curves of tigecycline alone or in combination with other drugs. A peritonitis mouse model was used for the evaluation of the therapeutic efficacy of tigecycline alone or cefotaxime in combination with minocycline or tigecycline. Results: The MIC of minocycline, cefotaxime, and tigecycline for eight clinical V. vulnificus isolates was 0.06-0.12 μg/mL, 0.03-0.06 μg/mL, and 0.03-0.06 μg/mL, respectively. In time-killing studies, at the concentration of 1 × MIC, the inhibitory effect of tigecycline persisted for 24 hours in five of eight isolates. With 2 × MIC and trough level, the inhibitory effect was noted in all isolates for 24 hours. With the combination of minocycline plus cefotaxime and tigecycline plus cefotaxime at 1/2 × MIC, the bactericidal effect was noted in 25% and 62.5% of eight isolates and synergism in 50% and 75% of isolates. With a low (1.25 × 105 CFU/mL) inoculum, all infected mice survived with tigecycline alone, tigecycline plus cefotaxime, or minocycline plus cefotaxime on the 14th day. At the inoculum of 1.25 × 106 CFU, the survival rate was 33.3% on the 14th day in the tigecycline plus cefotaxime-treated group, but none of the mice treated by tigecycline alone or minocycline plus cefotaxime survived (33.3% vs. 0%, p = 0.01 by Fisher's exact test). Conclusion: Our in vitro combination and animal studies indicate that tigecycline could be an option for the treatment of invasive V. vulnificus infections.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)
- Immunology and Allergy
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Infectious Diseases