Introduction: We compared the predictive ability of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) to diagnose dementia in a community-based study. Methods: A total of 276 people aged 60 years or older were enrolled. All of the participants were administered face-to-face interview questionnaires and MoCA and MMSE examinations. The receiver operating characteristic curve method and area under curve were performed to assess the predictive ability for diagnosing dementia. Results: The 276 participants had a mean age of 67.9 ± 6.1 years and mean education duration of 11.4 ± 4.0 years. In general, the MoCA yielded higher AUCs (0.891) with favorable sensitivity (78 %) and excellent specificity (94 %) compared with the MMSE in differentiating the participants with and without dementia in either the total sample or all subgroups. Conclusion: Our study determined a higher predictive ability in the MoCA than in the MMSE for diagnosing dementia according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria in a community-based sample with a broader range of education level.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cognitive Neuroscience
Shiu, R-L., Fan, Y. C., Huang, Y. L., Wang, J., Chen, W-H., Chiu, H. C., & Bai, C. H. (認可的出版社/出版中). Improved predictive ability of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment for diagnosing dementia in a community-based study. Alzheimer's Research and Therapy. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13195-015-0156-8